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Risk-based domino effect analysis for fire and explosion accidents considering uncertainty in processing facilities

Citation

Ji, J and Tong, Q and Khan, F and Dadashzadeh, M and Abbassi, R, Risk-based domino effect analysis for fire and explosion accidents considering uncertainty in processing facilities, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 57, (11) pp. 3990-4006. ISSN 0888-5885 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 American Chemical Society

DOI: doi:10.1021/acs.iecr.8b00103

Abstract

Process facilities are vulnerable to catastrophic accidents due to the storage, transportation, and processing of large amounts of flammable/explosive materials. Among a variety of accident scenarios, fire and explosion are the most frequent ones. Fire and explosion are interactive events and may cause a "chain of accidents" (also known as the "domino effect"). Especially in processing facilities where units are located within a limited distance, fire or explosion occurring in one unit is likely to spread to other units. Currently, there is a lack of proper methodology that considers the effect of fire and explosion interaction. Ignoring this interaction provides uncertainty in the domino effect risk analysis. High complexity and uncertainty, due to the interaction of fire and explosion, thus make it challenging to analyze the domino effect propagation. The fuzzy inference system (FIS) is known to be an efficient tool for handling uncertainty and imprecision. The current study has developed a new methodology by adopting the FIS method to handle the data uncertainties in the dynamic Bayesian network (DBN) to conduct a robust domino effect analysis considering interactions of fire and explosion. Application of the proposed methodology demonstrates that the FIS acts as a quick semiquantitative method involved in the domino effect analysis. Results obtained from FIS are consistent with those obtained using the DBN. Moreover, it illustrates that DBN is an effective technique to analyze the combination of a fire and explosion accident.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:domino effect, fire, explosion
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Environmental Engineering
Research Field:Environmental Engineering Modelling
Objective Division:Mineral Resources (excl. Energy Resources)
Objective Group:Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities
Objective Field:Environmentally Sustainable Mineral Resource Activities not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Abbassi, R (Dr Rouzbeh Abbassi)
ID Code:125693
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2018-05-01
Last Modified:2018-11-26
Downloads:0

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