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Squaring the circle: development prospects within the Paris Agreement


Makomere, R and Mbeva, KL, Squaring the circle: development prospects within the Paris Agreement, Carbon and Climate Law Review, 12, (1) pp. 31-40. ISSN 1864-9904 (2018) [Refereed Article]

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All rights reserved. No part of this journal may be reproduced in any form whatsoever, e.g. by photo print, microfilm, or any other means, without prior permission of the publisher. Lexxion Verlagsgesellschaft mbH Güntzelstraße 63 · 10717 Berlin · Germany

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DOI: doi:10.21552/cclr/2018/1/7


The adoption of the Paris Agreement in 2015 marked a major milestone in international efforts to address climate change. One of its standout features are the Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) which express each countries’ pledges to support the implementation of the Agreement. However, the Nationally Determined Contributions are conditional and predicated on adequate support for implementation. Developing countries who have submitted their NDCs are also striving to strike a balance between taking adequate climate action and meeting their broader development objectives. We argue that the conditionality of NDCs presents a systemic risk to the successful implementation of the Paris Agreement. We explore these risks in detail and outline opportunities to mitigate them. However, we conclude with the optimistic prognosis that the review mechanism of the Paris Agreement presents an important opportunity for Parties to develop modalities to ensure transparency and robustness of support for the implementation of NDCs.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:climate change, governance, international environmental law
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Environmental and resources law
Research Field:Environmental law
Objective Division:Environmental Policy, Climate Change and Natural Hazards
Objective Group:Understanding climate change
Objective Field:Understanding climate change not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Makomere, R (Mr Reuben Makomere)
ID Code:125505
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Law
Deposited On:2018-04-19
Last Modified:2019-04-15

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