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Winter ocean-ice interactions under thin sea ice observed by IAOOS platforms during N-ICE2015: salty surface mixed layer and active basal melt

Citation

Koenig, Z and Provost, C and Villacieros-Robineau, N and Sennechael, N and Meyer, A, Winter ocean-ice interactions under thin sea ice observed by IAOOS platforms during N-ICE2015: salty surface mixed layer and active basal melt, Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 121, (10) pp. 7898-7916. ISSN 2169-9275 (2016) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016. American Geophysical Union. All Rights Reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1002/2016JC012195

Abstract

IAOOS (Ice Atmosphere Arctic Ocean Observing System) platforms, measuring physical parameters at the atmosphere‐snow‐ice‐ocean interface deployed as part of the N‐ICE2015 campaign, provide new insights on winter conditions North of Svalbard. The three regions crossed during the drifts, the Nansen Basin, the Sofia Deep, and the Svalbard northern continental slope featured distinct hydrographic properties and ice‐ocean exchanges. In the Nansen Basin, the quiescent warm layer was capped by a stepped halocline (60 and 110 m) and a deep thermocline (110 m). Ice was forming and the winter mixed layer salinity was larger by ∼0.1 g/kg than previously observed. Over the Svalbard continental slope, the Atlantic Water (AW) was very shallow (20 m from the surface) and extended offshore from the 500 m isobath by a distance of about 70 km, sank along the slope (40 m from the surface) and probably shed eddies into the Sofia Deep. In the Sofia Deep, relatively warm waters of Atlantic origin extended from 90 m downward. Resulting from different pathways, these waters had a wide range of hydrographic characteristics. Sea‐ice melt was widespread over the Svalbard continental slope and ocean‐to‐ice heat fluxes reached values of 400 W m−2 (mean of ∼150 W m−2 over the continental slope). Sea‐ice melt events were associated with near 12 h fluctuations in the mixed‐layer temperature and salinity corresponding to the periodicity of tides and near‐inertial waves potentially generated by winter storms, large barotropic tides over steep topography, and/or geostrophic adjustments.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:winter, ocean, Arctic, thin ice, IAOOS, N-ICE2015, mixed layer melt, Atlantic, water, heat flux
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related)
Author:Meyer, A (Dr Amelie Meyer)
ID Code:125337
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:11
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2018-04-13
Last Modified:2018-05-21
Downloads:27 View Download Statistics

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