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Planning for environmental justice in an urban national park


Byrne, J and Wolch, J and Zhang, J, Planning for environmental justice in an urban national park, Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 52, (3) pp. 365-392. ISSN 0964-0568 (2009) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2009 University of Newcastle upon Tyne

DOI: doi:10.1080/09640560802703256


Urban national parks were designed in the 1970s to bring nature and recreational opportunities to socio-economically disadvantaged communities in the USA. Using the theoretical frame of environmental justice, this paper discusses findings of a recent survey of visitors to Los Angeles' Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area the United States' largest urban national park. Findings show park visitors were predominantly white, affluent, and lived nearby. People of colour travelled further, were significantly less likely to be return visitors, and were less inclined to use the park for active recreation. Seemingly, this park fails to meet the needs of the disadvantaged urban communities for whom it was created, a problem that may also affect other parks in the United States and potentially parks in other countries. Park planners and managers can take practical steps to increase accessibility to this park for people of colour and low-income earners, and should monitor other parks for patterns of ethno-racially differentiated access and utilisation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:urban national parks, race, ethnicity, environmental justice, Los Angeles
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Sociology
Research Field:Environmental sociology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Byrne, J (Professor Jason Byrne)
ID Code:125328
Year Published:2009
Web of Science® Times Cited:119
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2018-04-13
Last Modified:2018-05-17

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