Grasten, A and Yli-Piipari, S, The patterns of moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical education enjoyment through a 2-year school-based program, Journal of School Health, 89, (2) pp. 88-98. ISSN 1746-1561 (2019) [Refereed Article]
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Copyright 2019 American School Health Association. This is the pre-peer reviewed version of the article which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/josh.12717. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions.
BACKGROUND: The study examined the development of children’s moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA) and physical education (PE) enjoyment through the Physical Activity as Civil Skill Program 2012-2014.
METHODS: Participants were 661 (265 intervention, 396 control) elementary school children in Central and North-East Finland. The program was implemented across two years with three measurement phases using self-reported MVPA and PE enjoyment, and accelerometer-determined MVPA of a random subsample (n = 76).
RESULTS: The proportion of children meeting the current MVPA guidelines declined from 38% to 22% (intervention) and 14% to 9% (control), whereas PE enjoyment was stable in both groups. Boys were more physically active than girls only within control group children. Teachers’ feedback indicated that violence and bullying among intervention students reduced during the program, which can be considered as an additional benefit.
CONCLUSIONS: It may be that both MVPA and PE enjoyment may require more tailored actions to be increased across a long-term program. It is important to ensure that school-based physical activity programs, especially including transition from elementary to middle school level, provide all children positive experiences, and thus, may improve their motivation, and MVPA participation during school days and leisure time.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||achievement goal theory, social ecological model, intervention, latent growth curve model|
|Research Group:||Applied and developmental psychology|
|Research Field:||Sport and exercise psychology|
|Objective Division:||Expanding Knowledge|
|Objective Group:||Expanding knowledge|
|Objective Field:||Expanding knowledge in education|
|UTAS Author:||Grasten, A (Dr Arto Grasten)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||9|
|Downloads:||19 View Download Statistics|
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