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Svātantrika Madhyamaka metaphysics: Bhāvaviveka’s conception of reality


Thakchoe, S, Svātantrika Madhyamaka metaphysics: Bhāvaviveka's conception of reality, History of Indian Philosophy, Routledge, Purushottama Bilimoria (ed), New York, NY, pp. 343-350. ISBN 9780415309769 (2018) [Research Book Chapter]

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Bhāvaviveka (c. 500– 578 CE) is said to have founded the Svātantrika Madhyamaka movement in India. This philosophic movement gave rise to two subschools of thought within the Svātantrika: (1) Sautrāntika Svātantrika Madhyamaka and (2) Yogācāra Svātantrika Madhyamaka. The latter, the view held by Śāntaraksita (c. 725- 783 CE) and his student Kamalasīla (c. 740– 795 CE), following the Madhyamaka, affirms the ontological non- foundationalism, that all things are ultimately unreal. Although, following Yogācāra idealism, it claims, conventionally, only the inner domains are intrinsically real whereas the external objects are mere mental fictions. The former is the view held by Bhāvaviveka himself, and his student Jńānagarbha (eighth century CE). In three philosophical works, Lamp of Wisdom (Prajńāpradīpamūlamadhyamakavrtti, PPMV ), Verses on the Heart of the Middle Way (Madhyamakahrdayakārikā , MHK ), Blazes of Reasoning: A Commentary on Verses of the Heart of the Middle Way (Tarkajvālā , TJ), Bhāvaviveka, following the ontological realism of the Sautrāntika, asserts the intrinsic reality of both the external and the internal entities. Ultimately, following the Mādhyamika, he asserts intrinsic unreality of both the external and the internal entities.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Madhyamaka metaphysics, Madhyamaka epistemology
Research Division:Philosophy and Religious Studies
Research Group:Religious studies
Research Field:Studies in eastern religious traditions
Objective Division:Culture and Society
Objective Group:Religion
Objective Field:Religious rituals and traditions (excl. structures)
UTAS Author:Thakchoe, S (Dr Sonam Thakchoe)
ID Code:125174
Year Published:2018
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP160100947)
Deposited By:Office of the School of Humanities
Deposited On:2018-04-05
Last Modified:2018-12-04

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