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An examination of emotion perception ability and metacognitive functioning in high-dose alcohol intoxication

Citation

Honan, C and Skromanis, S and Johnson, EG and Palmer, MA, An examination of emotion perception ability and metacognitive functioning in high-dose alcohol intoxication, 4th annual Australasian Society for Social and Affective Neuroscience (AS4SAN), June 2017, Melbourne (2017) [Conference Extract]

Abstract

Background and aims: Alcohol-intoxication is linked to negative social behaviours, but the mechanisms underlying this relationship are poorly understood. We investigated the effects of high-dose alcohol intoxication on the ability to perceive a range of basic emotions (sad, happy, anger, disgust, fear, and surprise) of different intensities, and on self-appraisals of emotion perception ability (i.e., metacognitive judgments).

Method: Sixty-four participants consumed either an alcohol (mean BrAC = .077) or placebo beverage. The Emotion Recognition Task (ERT) was used to assess emotion perception ability, and participants provided confidence ratings when providing each emotion recognition response.

Results: Alcohol-intoxicated individuals demonstrated a reduced ability to detect fear and sadness at moderate-to-high levels of emotion intensity, and less overall insight into their ability to recognise emotions.

Conclusions: These results suggest that impaired ability to recognise expressions of fear and sadness in others and lack of awareness of this impairment may contribute to negative social behaviours associated with alcohol consumption.

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:alcohol intoxication, meta-cognition, emotion perception
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
UTAS Author:Honan, C (Dr Cynthia Honan)
UTAS Author:Skromanis, S (Ms Sarah Skromanis)
UTAS Author:Johnson, EG (Miss Emma Johnson)
UTAS Author:Palmer, MA (Dr Matt Palmer)
ID Code:124979
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-03-21
Last Modified:2018-03-21
Downloads:0

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