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Inhibiting automatic negative social responses in alcohol intoxication: interactions with theory of mind ability and level of task guidance

Citation

Johnson, EG and Skromanis, S and Bruno, R and Mond, J and Honan, CA, Inhibiting automatic negative social responses in alcohol intoxication: interactions with theory of mind ability and level of task guidance, Psychopharmacology, 235, (4) pp. 1221-1232. ISSN 0033-3158 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00213-018-4838-3

Abstract

Rationale: Alcohol intoxication is associated with socially disinhibited behaviours that may reflect impaired social cognitive abilities that guide social behaviour. The effects of alcohol on social cognition and how this may contribute to disinhibited behaviour are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to examine whether intoxicated individuals could inhibit automatic negative responses to negative social information, whether these difficulties were reliant on theory of mind (ToM) ability and whether intoxicated individuals were able to adjust verbal responses when provided with guidelines about how to respond.

Methods: Sixty-four participants aged between 18 and 34 (balanced for gender) consumed a beverage containing either placebo or alcohol calculated to achieve a target BrAC of 0.080%, before completing a Flanker task, a go/no-go task and a novel measure of social disinhibition, the social disinhibition task.

Results: Results indicate that alcohol-intoxicated individuals can inhibit negative responses to negative social information, but display difficulty inhibiting negative responses to social information that requires ToM. They also suggest that people under the influence of moderate-to-high-dose alcohol can adjust their responses when provided with specific guidelines on how to respond.

Conclusions: These findings may have important implications for understanding negative alcohol-related behaviours and promote the consideration of social context, social pressure and social cognitive abilities in the development of public policy and targeted interventions to prevent alcohol-related antisocial behaviours.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:alcohol intoxication, theory of mind, inhibition, social cognition, social disinhibition, alcohol myopia model
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Biological Psychology (Neuropsychology, Psychopharmacology, Physiological Psychology)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
UTAS Author:Johnson, EG (Miss Emma Johnson)
UTAS Author:Skromanis, S (Ms Sarah Skromanis)
UTAS Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
UTAS Author:Mond, J (Dr Jon Mond)
UTAS Author:Honan, CA (Dr Cynthia Honan)
ID Code:124976
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-03-21
Last Modified:2018-12-12
Downloads:0

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