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Evaluation of a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service in community pharmacies


Gheewala, PA and Peterson, GM and Zaidi, STR and Jose, MD and Castelino, RL, Evaluation of a chronic kidney disease risk assessment service in community pharmacies, Nephrology pp. 1-16. ISSN 1320-5358 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1111/nep.13247


Aim: Targeted 'opportunistic' screening might be a sustainable approach for the early detection of people with undiagnosed chronic kidney disease (CKD). The aim of this study was to implement and evaluate a CKD risk assessment service in the community pharmacy setting.

Methods: Twenty-four pharmacies in Tasmania, Australia participated in this study. Targeted people were aged between 50-74 years, with at least one CKD risk factor. The QKidney® risk calculator was used to estimate the participants' 5-year percentage risk of developing moderate-severe CKD. Participants identified with ≥ 3% risk were referred to their general practitioner (GP) and followed-up after 9 months. Laboratory data was collected from a pathology provider. The main outcome measures were rates of GP referral uptake and of participants who underwent estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and urine albumin creatinine ratio (ACR) measurement.

Results: We analysed data for 389 screened participants, of whom 203 (52.1%) had ≥ 3% 5-year risk of developing moderate-severe CKD and were referred to their GP. Follow-up was successful for 126 participants and showed low (27%) GP referral uptake. Analysis of the pathology data revealed suboptimal kidney testing in participants with ≥ 3% risk, with eGFR and ACR tests performed for only 52.7% and 25.1% of these participants, respectively.

Conclusions: There is significant scope for improving early detection of CKD via implementation of a community pharmacy-based CKD risk assessment service. However, a healthcare system that encourages inter-professional collaboration between community pharmacists and GPs, and provides a robust referral pathway is needed to optimise the effectiveness of this service.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:kidney disease, screening, community pharmacy, risk assessment
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Pharmacology and pharmaceutical sciences
Research Field:Clinical pharmacy and pharmacy practice
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Gheewala, PA (Miss Pankti Gheewala)
UTAS Author:Peterson, GM (Professor Gregory Peterson)
UTAS Author:Zaidi, STR (Dr Tabish Razi Zaidi)
UTAS Author:Jose, MD (Professor Matthew Jose)
UTAS Author:Castelino, RL (Dr Ronald Castelino)
ID Code:124849
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2018-03-14
Last Modified:2019-01-29
Downloads:78 View Download Statistics

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