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Effects of urbanisation on macroalgae and sessile invertebrates in southeast Australian estuaries


Fowles, AE and Stuart-Smith, RD and Stuart-Smith, JF and Hill, NA and Kirkpatrick, JB and Edgar, GJ, Effects of urbanisation on macroalgae and sessile invertebrates in southeast Australian estuaries, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 205 pp. 30-39. ISSN 0272-7714 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2018.02.010


The influence of anthropogenic and environmental factors on the composition, cover and dominance of macroalgae and sessile invertebrates was assessed in three capital city estuaries in south-eastern Australia. Heavy metals and proximity to ports showed the strongest relationships to the distribution of sessile reef biota after accounting for natural environmental gradients. The densities of laminarian, fucoid, brown and red foliose algae were negatively correlated with heavy metals, both in Port Phillip Bay (Melbourne) and the Derwent (Hobart), while turf, filamentous algae and some invertebrates were favoured. Sydney Harbour possessed a different pattern, with the laminarian kelp Ecklonia radiata most abundant near the main shipping port, probably because of biotic interactions involving urchin grazing in the lower estuary. Identifying drivers of benthic community pattern represents a key challenge for effective conservation management, particularly for estuaries affected by multiple anthropogenic impacts.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:pollution, reef life survey, citizen science, Ecklonia radiata, estuarine ecology, heavy metal pollution, kelp, multiple stressors
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Coastal and estuarine systems and management
Objective Field:Coastal or estuarine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Fowles, AE (Ms Amelia Fowles)
UTAS Author:Stuart-Smith, RD (Dr Rick Stuart-Smith)
UTAS Author:Stuart-Smith, JF (Dr Jemina Stuart-Smith)
UTAS Author:Hill, NA (Dr Nicole Hill)
UTAS Author:Kirkpatrick, JB (Professor James Kirkpatrick)
UTAS Author:Edgar, GJ (Professor Graham Edgar)
ID Code:124839
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2018-03-14
Last Modified:2018-12-03

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