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The large-scale drivers of population declines in a long-distance migratory shorebird

Citation

Murray, NJ and Marra, PP and Fuller, RA and Clemens, RS and Dhanjal-Adams, K and Gosbell, KB and Hassell, CJ and Iwamura, T and Melville, D and Minton, CDT and Riegen, AC and Rogers, DI and Woehler, EJ and Studds, CE, The large-scale drivers of population declines in a long-distance migratory shorebird, Ecography, 41, (6) pp. 867-876. ISSN 0906-7590 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors

DOI: doi:10.1111/ecog.02957

Abstract

Migratory species can travel tens of thousands of kilometers each year, spending different parts of their annual cycle in geographically distinct locations. Understanding the drivers of population change is vital for conserving migratory species, yet the challenge of collecting data over entire geographic ranges has hindered attempts to identify the processes leading to observed population changes. Here, we use remotely sensed environmental data and bird count data to investigate the factors driving variability in abundance in two subspecies of a long-distance migratory shorebird, the bar-tailed godwit Limosa lapponica. We compiled a spatially and temporally explicit dataset of three environmental variables to identify the conditions experienced by each subspecies in each stage of their annual cycle (breeding, non-breeding and staging). We used a Bayesian N-mixture model to analyze 18 years of monthly count data from 21 sites across Australia and New Zealand in relation to the remote sensing data. We found that the abundance of one subspecies L. l. menzbieri in their non-breeding range was related to climate conditions in breeding grounds, and detected sustained population declines between 1995 and 2012 in both subspecies (L. l. menzbieri, 6.7% and L. l. baueri, 2.1% year1). To investigate the possible causes of the declines, we quantified changes in habitat extent at 22 migratory staging sites in the Yellow Sea, East Asia, over a 25-year period and found 1.7% and 1.2% year1 loss of habitat at staging sites used by L. l. menzbieri and L. l baueri, respectively. Our results highlight the need to identify environmental and anthropogenic drivers of population change across all stages of migration to allow the formulation of effective conservation strategies across entire migratory ranges.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:shorebird, population change, migratory species
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Population Ecology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
Author:Woehler, EJ (Dr Eric Woehler)
ID Code:124366
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2018-02-20
Last Modified:2018-08-01
Downloads:0

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