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An assessment of 18F-FDG PET/CT for thoracic screening and risk stratification of pulmonary nodules in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1


So, A and Pointon, O and Hodgson, R and Burgess, J, An assessment of 18F-FDG PET/CT for thoracic screening and risk stratification of pulmonary nodules in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, Clinical Endocrinology, 88, (5) pp. 683-691. ISSN 0300-0664 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1111/cen.13573


Context: Bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumours (bpNETs) and thymic carci‐noid (ThC) are features of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN 1), and surveil‐lance guidelines recommend periodic thoracic imaging. The optimal thoracic imagingmodality and screening frequency remain uncertain as does the prognosis of smalllung nodules when identified.

Objectives: To evaluate fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) for identification and prognosticassessment of thoracic lesions in MEN 1.

Design: Retrospective observational study.

Setting and participants: Fifty consecutive MEN 1 patients undergoing screening with 18F-FDG PET/CT at a tertiary referral hospital between July 2011 and December 2016.

Interventions: 18F-FDG PET/CT.

Outcome measures: Pulmonary and thymic lesion prevalence, size, functional characteristics and behaviour.

Results: Thirteen patients (26.0%) exhibited pulmonary nodules with multiple nod‐ules identified in nine (18.0%). An asymptomatic 31 mm FDG-avid ThC was identifiedin one patient (2%). Of the 13 patients with pulmonary nodules, four (8.0%) exhibited13 FDG-avid nodules (mean size 10.1 9.1 mm), and nine (18.0%) demonstrated 26FDG nonavid nodules (mean size 6.9 5.8 mm). All FDG-avid lesions increased in size vs 11 (42.3%) FDG nonavid lesions (P = .0004). For FDG-avid and nonavid nodules,the median doubling time was 24.2 months (IQR 11.4-40.7) and 48.6 months (IQR37.0-72.2), respectively. Nodule resection was undertaken in two patients, typicalbronchial carcinoid diagnosed in one (FDG nonavid) and metastatic renal cell carci‐noma in the second (FDG avid).

Conclusion: Thoracic imaging with 18F-FDG PET/CT effectively identifies pulmonary nodules and ThC. FDG-avid pulmonary lesions are significantly more likely to progress than nonavid lesions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:bronchopulmonary neuroendocrine tumour, computed tomography, fluorodeoxyglucose (18F) positron emission tomography, multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1, pulmonary nodules, thoracic screening, thymic carcinoid
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Endocrinology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Burgess, J (Professor John Burgess)
ID Code:124314
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2018-02-19
Last Modified:2018-12-10

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