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Association between circulating ketone bodies and worse outcomes in hemodialysis patients


Obokata, M and Negishi, K and Sunaga, H and Ishida, H and Ito, K and Ogawa, T and Iso, T and Ando, Y and Kurabayashi, M, Association between circulating ketone bodies and worse outcomes in hemodialysis patients, Journal of the American Heart Association, 6, (10) Article e006885. ISSN 2047-9980 (2017) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1161/JAHA.117.006885


Background: Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients receiving hemodialysis. Systemic metabolic perturbation is one of the hallmark abnormalities in patients at high cardiovascular risk. We sought to determine the relationship between circulating ketone body and clinical outcomes in patients with prevalent hemodialysis.

Methods and Results: We retrospectively assessed the relationship between serum β-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), the most abundant ketone body in the circulation, and prognosis in 405 stable hemodialysis patients. During a mean follow-up of 3.2±0.9 years, there were 54 major adverse cardiovascular events (defined as cardiovascular death, nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke, and hospitalization attributed to heart failure) and 67 all-cause deaths. Major adverse cardiovascular events rates increased from 11.1 per 1000 person-years in the lowest βOHB quintile (<89 μmol/L) to 80.1 per 1000 person-years in the highest quintile (>409 μmol/L). After adjusting for demographic characteristics, coronary artery disease, and atrial fibrillation, the highest βOHB quintile was associated with increased risk of major adverse cardiovascular events compared with the lowest quintile (hazard ratio, 10.2; 95% confidence interval [3.35-44.0]; P<0.001). Increased quintiles of βOHB were independently and incrementally associated with major adverse cardiovascular events over the model based on an established risk score (the second Analyzing Data, Recognizing Excellence and Optimizing Outcomes cohort score) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (chi square 39.9 versus 21.7; P<0.001; c-statistics, 0.713). Sensitivity analyses also confirmed the robustness of association between βOHB and all-cause death.

Conclusions: Increased serum βOHB levels were independently associated with cardiovascular events and all-cause death in patients receiving hemodialysis. These results highlight the need for future studies to understand the mechanisms underlying these observations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hemodialysis, ketone body, metabolism, prognostic factor, &#946;&#8208;hydroxybutyrate
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Cardiovascular medicine and haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Negishi, K (Dr Kazuaki Negishi)
ID Code:124284
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:25
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2018-02-16
Last Modified:2022-08-25
Downloads:68 View Download Statistics

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