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The largest deep-ocean silicic volcanic eruption of the past century


Carey, R and Soule, SA and Manga, M and White, JDL and McPhie, J and Wysoczanski, R and Jutzeler, M and Tani, K and Yoerger, D and Fornari, D and Caratori-Tontini, F and Houghton, B and Mitchell, S and Ikegami, F and Conway, C and Murch, A and Fauria, K and Jones, M and Cahalan, R and McKenzie, W, The largest deep-ocean silicic volcanic eruption of the past century, Science Advances, 4, (1) Article e1701121. ISSN 2375-2548 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0

DOI: doi:10.1126/sciadv.1701121


The 2012 submarine eruption of Havre volcano in the Kermadec arc, New Zealand, is the largest deep-ocean eruption in history and one of very few recorded submarine eruptions involving rhyolite magma. It was recognized from a gigantic 400-km2 pumice raft seen in satellite imagery, but the complexity of this event was concealed beneath the sea surface. Mapping, observations, and sampling by submersibles have provided an exceptionally high fidelity record of the seafloor products, which included lava sourced from 14 vents at water depths of 900 to 1220 m, and fragmental deposits including giant pumice clasts up to 9 m in diameter. Most (>75%) of the total erupted volume was partitioned into the pumice raft and transported far from the volcano. The geological record on submarine volcanic edifices in volcanic arcs does not faithfully archive eruption size or magma production.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:submarine eruption, volcano, magma
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the earth sciences
UTAS Author:Carey, R (Associate Professor Rebecca Carey)
UTAS Author:McPhie, J (Professor Jocelyn McPhie)
UTAS Author:Jutzeler, M (Dr Martin Jutzeler)
UTAS Author:Ikegami, F (Mr Fumihiko Ikegami)
ID Code:124214
Year Published:2018
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DE150101190)
Web of Science® Times Cited:51
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2018-02-13
Last Modified:2019-03-13
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