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Assessing the drivers shaping global patterns of urban vegetation landscape structure


Dobbs, C and Nitschke, C and Kendal, D, Assessing the drivers shaping global patterns of urban vegetation landscape structure, The Science of The Total Environment, 592 pp. 171-177. ISSN 0048-9697 (2017) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

2017 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2017.03.058


Vegetation is one of the main resources involve in ecosystem functioning and providing ecosystem services in urban areas. Little is known on the landscape structure patterns of vegetation existing in urban areas at the global scale and the drivers of these patterns. We studied the landscape structure of one hundred cities around the globe, and their relation to demography (population), socioeconomic factors (GDP, Gini Index), climate factors (temperature and rain) and topographic characteristics (altitude, variation in altitude). The data revealed that the best descriptors of landscape structure were amount, fragmentation and spatial distribution of vegetation. Populated cities tend to have less, more fragmented, less connected vegetation with a centre of the city with low vegetation cover. Results also provided insights on the influence of socioeconomics at a global scale, as landscape structure was more fragmented in areas that are economically unequal and coming from emergent economies. This study shows the effects of the social system and climate on urban landscape patterns that gives useful insights for the distribution in the provision of ecosystem services in urban areas and therefore the maintenance of human well-being. This information can support local and global policy and planning which is committing our cities to provide accessible and inclusive green space for all urban inhabitants.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:urban forest, green space, ecosystem services, urban ecosystem
Research Division:Built Environment and Design
Research Group:Urban and regional planning
Research Field:Land use and environmental planning
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Kendal, D (Dr Dave Kendal)
ID Code:123856
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:65
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2018-01-30
Last Modified:2018-05-08
Downloads:116 View Download Statistics

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