Ofori-Asenso, R and Jakhu, A and Curtis, AJ and Zomer, E and Gambhir, M and Jaana Korhonen, M and Nelson, M and Tonkin, A and Liew, D and Zoungas, S, A systematic review and meta-analysis of the factors associated with nonadherence and discontinuation of statins among people aged ≥65 Years, Journals of Gerontology. Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 73, (6) pp. 798-805. ISSN 1079-5006 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2018 the authors.
Methods: We conducted a systematic review to identify English articles published through December 12, 2016 that reported factors associated with nonadherence and/or discontinuation of statins among older persons. Data were pooled via random-effects meta-analysis techniques.
Results: Forty-five articles reporting data from more than 1.8 million older statin users from 13 countries were included. The factors associated with increased statin nonadherence were black/non-white race (odds ratio [OR] 1.66, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.39-1.98), female gender (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.03-1.13), current smoker (OR 1.12, 95% CI 1.03-1.21), higher copayments (OR 1.38, 95% CI 1.25-1.52), new user (OR 1.58, 95% CI 1.21-2.07), lower number of concurrent cardiovascular medications (OR 1.08, 95% CI 1.06-1.09), primary prevention (OR 1.49, 95% CI 1.40-1.59), having respiratory disorders (OR 1.17, 95% CI 1.12-1.23) or depression (OR 1.11, 95% CI 1.06-1.16), and not having renal disease (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04-1.14). The factors associated with increased statin discontinuation were lower income status (OR 1.20, 95% CI 1.06-1.36), current smoker (OR 1.14, 95% CI 1.06-1.23), higher copayment (OR 1.61, 95% CI 1.53-1.70), higher number of medications (OR 1.04, 95% CI 1.01-1.06), presence of dementia (OR 1.18, 95% CI 1.02-1.36), cancer (OR 1.22, 95% CI 1.11-1.33) or respiratory disorders (OR 1.19, 95% CI 1.05-1.34), primary prevention (OR 1.66, 95% CI 1.24-2.22), and not having hypertension (OR 1.13, 95% CI 1.07-1.20) or diabetes (OR 1.09, 95% CI 1.04-1.15).
Conclusion: Interventions that target potentially modifiable factors including financial and social barriers, patients' perceptions about disease risk as well as polypharmacy may improve statin use in the older population.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||adherence, HMG-CoA reductase inhibitors, persistence, risk indicators|
|Research Division:||Biomedical and Clinical Sciences|
|Research Group:||Cardiovascular medicine and haematology|
|Research Field:||Cardiology (incl. cardiovascular diseases)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Nelson, M (Professor Mark Nelson)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||6|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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