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Native pollinator management may be a key to improving fruit set in Tasmanian Mountain Pepper, Tasmannia lanceolata (Winteraceae), an emerging spice resource

Citation

Wilson, MD and Latinovic, A and Davies, NW and McQuillan, PB and Menary, RC, Native pollinator management may be a key to improving fruit set in Tasmanian Mountain Pepper, Tasmannia lanceolata (Winteraceae), an emerging spice resource, Journal of Crop Improvement, 32, (3) pp. 331-352. ISSN 1542-7528 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/15427528.2018.1430088

Abstract

Tasmanian Mountain Pepper is a new crop that produces a valuable flavoring agent derived from its fruit. However, annual yields are unpredictable and its commercial prospects depend upon a reliable fruit set. As poor pollination is a possible cause, the pollination biology of this dioecious plant was examined in natural and plantation settings using direct observations, sticky traps, gas chromatography, and microscopy. A community of small insects visits the flowers, and the insect species represent at least seven families of small flies, three families of beetles, and various wasps and moths. Pollen grains were observed on the bodies of bibionid flies (Bibionidae), syrphid flies (Syrphidae), and snail-flies (Sciomyzidae). The tetrahedral tetrad pollen grains are unlikely to be suitable for dispersal by wind. Similar volatiles were emitted by both males and females; several ocimene compounds are attractants for insect pollen vectors. The female flowers also emitted indole, a known fly attractant. It is therefore likely that Tasmannia lanceolata is dependent on the services of diverse insects, especially Diptera, for promoting fruit set. Plantations should be established in the vicinity of biodiverse native vegetation that supports a wide variety of native flying insects capable of transferring pollen.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:biodiversity, diptera, floral head-space, new crop development, pollination
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Horticultural Production
Research Field:Horticultural Crop Growth and Development
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Horticultural Crops
Objective Field:Horticultural Crops not elsewhere classified
Author:Wilson, MD (Mr Matthew Wilson)
Author:Latinovic, A (Miss Adelina Latinovic)
Author:Davies, NW (Associate Professor Noel Davies)
Author:McQuillan, PB (Mr Peter McQuillan)
Author:Menary, RC (Professor Robert Menary)
ID Code:123788
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Tasmanian Institute of Agriculture
Deposited On:2018-01-29
Last Modified:2018-04-30
Downloads:0

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