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The relative predictive value of undergraduate versus graduate selection tools in two Australian medical schools


Mercer, A and Hay, M and Hodgson, WC and Canny, BJ and Puddey, IB, The relative predictive value of undergraduate versus graduate selection tools in two Australian medical schools, Medical Teacher pp. 1-8. ISSN 0142-159X (2018) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/0142159X.2018.1426839


Context: Monash University and the University of Western Australia admit both school-leavers and graduates into their Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS) courses. The Undergraduate Medicine and Health Sciences Admission Test (UMAT) and the Graduate Medical Schools Admissions Test (GAMSAT) are used for selection, along with an academic score and an interview score. The aim of this study was to compare the relative predictive validity of the selected components in the two entry streams, particularly UMAT versus GAMSAT.

Methods: Aggregated scores for course outcomes were calculated in the categories of knowledge, clinical and total scores, at four-time points. A path analysis was conducted based on multivariate regressions with model constraint parameters defined across the outcome variables to investigate change over time. Results: Academic scores were the strongest predictors of knowledge scores and end of course results. Interview scores had a small positive increasing effect, being stronger for clinical than knowledge outcomes. The effect size for GAMSAT was greater than for UMAT.

Conclusions: Aptitude tests and interview scores added small but significant incremental predictive value to previous academic achievement. GAMSAT showed larger predictive value on outcomes than UMAT, for which one section (UMAT 3) had a negative effect.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:medical school, medical education, undergraduate, graduate, selection tools, academic scores, course outcomes
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Medicine, nursing and health curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Canny, BJ (Professor Ben Canny)
ID Code:123748
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2018-01-24
Last Modified:2022-06-29

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