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Determination and prediction of transfer ratios for anions in capillary zone electrophoresis using indirect UV detection


Doble, PA and Andersson, PE and Haddad, PR, Determination and prediction of transfer ratios for anions in capillary zone electrophoresis using indirect UV detection, Journal of Chromatography A, 770, (1-2) pp. 291-300. ISSN 0021-9673 (1997) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1016/S0021-9673(96)01022-9


Transfer ratios (i.e. the number of moles of the UV-absorbing probe anion displaced by one mole of analyte anion) were determined for the separation of inorganic and organic anions by capillary zone electrophoresis using indirect UV absorbance detection. When the electrolyte was buffered and contained only the probe anion and a single counter-cation, transfer ratios calculated from Kohlrausch theory were found to agree well with values obtained experimentally from accurately determined mobility data. However, these electrolyte systems gave long analysis times and were therefore considered impractical. More useful electrolytes were obtained by the addition of surfactants to suppress or reverse the electroosmotic flow but the co-anion introduced with the surfactant can reduce the value of the measured transfer ratio and hence adversely affect sensitivity. This problem was overcome by the use of a surfactant in the hydroxide from such as cetyltrimethylammonium hydroxide combined with a suitable buffering counter-cation such as protonated 1,3-bis[tris(hydroxymethyl)-methylamino]-propane or tris(hydroxymethyl)aminoethane. Four buffered electrolytes consisting of chromate, benzoate, phthalate, or trimellitate as probes and a suitable surfactant were used to determine transfer ratios. These systems were shown to give transfer ratios that were close to those calculated from Kohlrausch theory, thereby enabling prediction of experimental conditions giving maximum transfer ratios.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Instrumental methods (excl. immunological and bioassay methods)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Doble, PA (Mr Philip Andrew Doble)
UTAS Author:Andersson, PE (Dr Andersson)
UTAS Author:Haddad, PR (Professor Paul Haddad)
ID Code:12349
Year Published:1997
Web of Science® Times Cited:26
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:1997-08-01
Last Modified:2010-03-01

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