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Impaired baroreflex sensitivity, carotid stiffness, and exaggerated exercise blood pressure: a community-based analysis from the Paris Prospective Study III

Citation

Sharman, JE and Boutouyrie, P and Perier, M-C and Thomas, F and Guibout, C and Khettab, H and Pannier, B and Laurent, S and Jouven, X and Empana, J-P, Impaired baroreflex sensitivity, carotid stiffness, and exaggerated exercise blood pressure: a community-based analysis from the Paris Prospective Study III, European Heart Journal, 39, (7) pp. 599-606. ISSN 0195-668X (2018) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1093/eurheartj/ehx714

Abstract

Aims: People with exaggerated exercise blood pressure (BP) have adverse cardiovascular outcomes. Mechanisms are unknown but could be explained through impaired neural baroreflex sensitivity (BRS) and/or large artery stiffness. This study aimed to determine the associations of carotid BRS and carotid stiffness with exaggerated exercise BP.

Methods and results: Blood pressure was recorded at rest and following an exercise step-test among 8976 adults aged 50 to 75 years from the Paris Prospective Study III. Resting carotid BRS (low frequency gain, from carotid distension rate, and heart rate) and stiffness were measured by high-precision echotracking. A systolic BP threshold of ≥150 mmHg defined exaggerated exercise BP and ≥140/90 mmHg defined resting hypertension (±antihypertensive treatment). Participants with exaggerated exercise BP had significantly lower BRS [median (Q1; Q3) 0.10 (0.06; 0.16) vs. 0.12 (0.08; 0.19) (ms2/mm) 2x108; P<0.001] but higher stiffness [mean±standard deviation (SD); 7.34±1.37 vs. 6.76±1.25m/s; P<0.001) compared to those with non-exaggerated exercise BP. However, only lower BRS (per 1SD decrement) was associated with exaggerated exercise BP among people without hypertension at rest {specifically among those with optimal BP; odds ratio (OR) 1.16 [95% confidence intervals (95% CI) 1.01; 1.33], P=0.04 and high-normal BP; OR, 1.19 (95% CI 1.07; 1.32), P=0.001} after adjustment for age, sex, body mass index, smoking, alcohol, total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, resting heart rate, and antihypertensive medications.

Conclusion: Impaired BRS, but not carotid stiffness, is independently associated with exaggerated exercise BP even among those with well controlled resting BP. This indicates a potential pathway from depressed neural baroreflex function to abnormal exercise BP and clinical outcomes.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Exercise tests, cardiopulmonary tests, treadmill, aerobic exercise, physical exertions, haemodynamic, epidemiology, cohort
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Cardiology (incl. Cardiovascular Diseases)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cardiovascular System and Diseases
UTAS Author:Sharman, JE (Professor James Sharman)
ID Code:123238
Year Published:2018 (online first 2017)
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-12-22
Last Modified:2018-07-23
Downloads:0

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