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Disentangling Body Image: The Relative Associations of Overvaluation, Dissatisfaction, and Preoccupation with Psychological Distress and Eating Disorder Behaviors in Male and Female Adolescents

Citation

Mitchison, D and Hay, P and Griffiths, S and Murray, SB and Bentley, C and Gratwick-Sarll, K and Harrison, C and Mond, JM, Disentangling Body Image: The Relative Associations of Overvaluation, Dissatisfaction, and Preoccupation with Psychological Distress and Eating Disorder Behaviors in Male and Female Adolescents, International Journal of Eating Disorders, 50, (2) pp. 118-126. ISSN 0276-3478 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

DOI: doi:10.1002/eat.22592

Abstract

Objective: The distinctiveness and relative clinical significance of overvaluation, dissatisfaction, and preoccupation with body weight/shape remains inconclusive. This study sought to add to the evidence by testing associations between these three body image constructs and indicators of clinical significance.

Method: Male and female secondary students (N5 1,666) aged 1218 years completed a survey that included measures of dissatisfaction with, overvaluation of, and preoccupation with weight/ shape, psychological distress, eating disorder behaviors, and basic demographic information. Conditional process analysis was employed to test the independent and mediating effects of overvaluation, dissatisfaction, and preoccupation on distress, dietary restraint, and objective binge eating.

Results: Overvaluation, dissatisfaction, and preoccupation were highly correlated (r5 0.470.84). In girls, preoccupation demonstrated the strongest independent and mediating effects on distress, dietary restraint, and binge eating; whereas neither the direct or indirect effects of dissatisfaction on distress and overvaluation on binge eating were significant. Among boys however, the direct and indirect effects of overvaluation, dissatisfaction, and preoccupation on distress and eating disorder behaviors were relatively equal.

Discussion: Preoccupation with weight/ shape may be particularly clinically significant in girls, whereas all constructs of body image disturbance may be equally clinically significant in boys. The findings are consistent with the view that these constructs, while closely related, are distinct.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:mediation; communitybased; body image; dissatisfaction; preoccupation; overvaluation; boys; girls; eating disorder behaviours
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Mental Health
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Mental Health
UTAS Author:Mond, JM (Dr Jon Mond)
ID Code:123089
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:25
Deposited By:Centre for Rural Health
Deposited On:2017-12-15
Last Modified:2018-05-14
Downloads:0

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