Smith, KJ and Breslin, MC and McNaughton, SA and Gall, SL and Blizzard, L and Venn, AJ, Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41, (6) pp. 572-578. ISSN 1326-0200 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Methods: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant. Child, household and adult correlates of skipping breakfast were reported. Odds ratios were calculated using ordinal regression. Linear regression was used to examine differences in dietary intake. Survey weights were applied to give nationally representative estimates.
Results: Most (86.8% of boys, 81.4% of girls) ate breakfast on both days, 11.8% of boys and 14.8% girls skipped on one day and 1.4% boys and 3.8% girls skipped on both days. Characteristics associated with skipping breakfast were being female, being older, being underweight or overweight/obese, poorer diet, lower physical activity, inadequate sleep, lower household income, greater socioeconomic disadvantage, and being from a single-parent home.
Conclusion: Skipping breakfast was common among Australian adolescents but few consistently skipped. Implications for public health: Interventions to increase breakfast should target adolescents, particularly girls, and low SEP households.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||skipping breakfast, children, adolescents, Australia, National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, prevalence, correlates|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Author:||Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)|
|Author:||Breslin, MC (Dr Monique Breslin)|
|Author:||Gall, SL (Dr Seana Gall)|
|Author:||Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)|
|Author:||Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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