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Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey


Smith, KJ and Breslin, MC and McNaughton, SA and Gall, SL and Blizzard, L and Venn, AJ, Skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents; findings from the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health, 41, (6) pp. 572-578. ISSN 1326-0200 (2017) [Refereed Article]

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DOI: doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12715


Objective: Skipping breakfast has been linked with poor diet quality, higher BMI and adverse cardiometabolic outcomes. This study aimed to determine the prevalence and correlates of skipping breakfast among Australian children and adolescents.

Methods: A total of 1,592 2-17-year-olds completed two 24-hour recalls, collected via face-to-face and telephone interview, in the 2011-12 National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey. Breakfast was an eating occasion of ≥210kJ named as 'breakfast' by the participant. Child, household and adult correlates of skipping breakfast were reported. Odds ratios were calculated using ordinal regression. Linear regression was used to examine differences in dietary intake. Survey weights were applied to give nationally representative estimates.

Results: Most (86.8% of boys, 81.4% of girls) ate breakfast on both days, 11.8% of boys and 14.8% girls skipped on one day and 1.4% boys and 3.8% girls skipped on both days. Characteristics associated with skipping breakfast were being female, being older, being underweight or overweight/obese, poorer diet, lower physical activity, inadequate sleep, lower household income, greater socioeconomic disadvantage, and being from a single-parent home.

Conclusion: Skipping breakfast was common among Australian adolescents but few consistently skipped. Implications for public health: Interventions to increase breakfast should target adolescents, particularly girls, and low SEP households.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:skipping breakfast, children, adolescents, Australia, National Nutrition and Physical Activity Survey, prevalence, correlates
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Epidemiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
Author:Smith, KJ (Dr Kylie Smith)
Author:Breslin, MC (Dr Monique Breslin)
Author:Gall, SL (Dr Seana Gall)
Author:Blizzard, L (Associate Professor Leigh Blizzard)
Author:Venn, AJ (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:122933
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-12-06
Last Modified:2017-12-07

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