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Atopy in people aged 40 years and over: Relation to airflow limitation

Citation

Guevara-Rattray, EM and Garden, FL and James, AL and Wood-Baker, R and Abramson, MJ and Johns, DP and Buist, AS and Burney, PGJ and Walters, EH and Toelle, BG and Marks, GB, Atopy in people aged 40 years and over: Relation to airflow limitation, Clinical and experimental allergy ISSN 0954-7894 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1111/cea.13038

Abstract

Background: Previous studies have reached conflicting conclusions about the role of atopy as a risk factor for COPD. In part, this is attributable to variation in the definitions of airflow limitation and the treatment of people with asthma.

Objective: To establish whether there is any independent association between atopy and post-bronchodilator airflow limitation in the general population aged 40 years and over.

Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a general population sample of 2415 people aged 40 years and over in Australia. A history of ever being diagnosed with asthma was elicited by questionnaire. Atopy was defined as any skin prick test weal to common aeroallergens ≥4 mm. Airflow limitation was defined as post-bronchodilator spirometric (FEV1 /FVC) ratio

Results: The prevalence of atopy, ever diagnosed asthma and post-bronchodilator airflow obstruction was 44.8%, 19.3% and 7.5%, respectively. In the population as a whole, atopy was associated with lower FEV₁ (adjusted difference -0.068L, 95% confidence interval (CI) -0.104 to -0.032), FVC (adj. difference -0.043L, 95% CI -0.086 to -0.0009) and post-bronchodilator FEV₁/FVC ratio (adj. difference -0.011, 95% CI -0.017 to -0.0055). The effect of atopy on lung function was no longer apparent when participants who reported ever diagnosed asthma were excluded (FEV₁ -0.011L, [95% CI -0.05 to 0.028L], FVC -0.012L [95% CI -0.060 to 0.036] and FEV₁/FVC ratio -0.0012 [95% CI -0.0072 to 0.0047L]).

Conclusion and Clinical Relevance: The apparent association between atopy and post-bronchodilator airflow limitation in the general population appears to be explained by the association between atopy and having ever diagnosed asthma and the effect of asthma on lung function.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:airflow limitation, allergic sensitization, asthma, atopy, COPD, epidemiology, population ‎health
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
Author:Wood-Baker, R (Professor Richard Wood-Baker)
Author:Johns, DP (Associate Professor David Johns)
Author:Walters, EH (Professor Haydn Walters)
ID Code:122815
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Medicine (Discipline)
Deposited On:2017-11-30
Last Modified:2017-12-01
Downloads:0

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