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How much can nuclear energy do about global warming?

Citation

Berger, A and Blees, T and Breon, F-M and Brook, BW and Hansen, P and Grover, RB and Guet, C and Liu, W and Livet, F and Nifenecker, H and Petit, M and Pierre, G and Prevot, H and Richet, S and Safa, H and Salvatores, M and Schneeberger, M and Zhou, S, How much can nuclear energy do about global warming?, International Journal of Global Energy Issues, 40, (1-2) pp. 43-78. ISSN 0954-7118 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.1504/IJGEI.2017.080766

Abstract

The framework MESSAGE from the IIASA fulfills the IPCC requirement RCP 2.6. To achieve this, it proposes the use of massive deployment of Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS), dealing with tens of billion tons of CO2. However, present knowledge of this process rests on a few experiments at the annual million tons level. MESSAGE includes three scenarios: ‘Supply’ with a high energy consumption; ‘Efficiency’ which implies the end of nuclear energy and the intermediary ‘MIX’. We propose, as a variant of the MESSAGE framework, to initiate a sustained deployment of nuclear production in 2020, reaching a total nuclear power around 20,000 GWe by the year 2100. Our scenarios considerably reduce the interest or necessity for CCS. Renouncing nuclear power requires an energy consumption reduction of more than 40% compared to the ‘Supply’ scenario, without escaping the need to store more than 15 billion tons of CO2.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:2100 energy scenarios, carbon dioxide, nuclear power, carbon capture storage, fast breeder reactors, CANDU reactors, cost, sustainability, risks, wastes
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Mechanical Engineering
Research Field:Energy Generation, Conversion and Storage Engineering
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Climate Change Mitigation Strategies
Author:Brook, BW (Professor Barry Brook)
ID Code:122680
Year Published:2017
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (FL160100101)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Plant Science
Deposited On:2017-11-22
Last Modified:2017-11-27
Downloads:0

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