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MPAs in ABNJ: lessons from two high seas regimes


Smith, D and Jabour, J, MPAs in ABNJ: lessons from two high seas regimes, ICES Journal of Marine Science, 75, (1) pp. 417-425. ISSN 1054-3139 (2017) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright International Council for the Exploration of the Sea 2017. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1093/icesjms/fsx189


Establishing a network of marine-protected areas (MPAs) in areas beyond national jurisdiction (ABNJ) is viewed as an important measure to protect marine biodiversity. To date 12 MPAs have been established: two in the Southern Ocean and 10 in the North-East Atlantic region, and more are proposed. The Southern Ocean MPAs were adopted by Members of the Commission for the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources (CCAMLR) in a complex, slow and challenging process. The North-East Atlantic MPAs were established under the OSPAR Convention and although the MPA network was established swiftly, doubts remain about whether it was a successful institutional development for the protection of marine biodiversity or just a network of ‘paper parks’. This article analyses the planning and negotiation processes that took place in establishing the 12 current MPAs to identify lessons useful for establishing MPAs in ABNJ in the future.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:marine protected areas, areas beyond national jurisdiction, OSPAR, CCAMLR
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:Law
Research Field:International Law (excl. International Trade Law)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Environment not elsewhere classified
Author:Smith, D (Ms Smith)
Author:Jabour, J (Dr Julia Jabour)
ID Code:121858
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2017-10-18
Last Modified:2018-02-05

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