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Causes, trends and severity of musculoskeletal injuries in Ghana


Torgbenu, EL and Nakua, EK and Kyei, H and Badu, E and Opoku, MP, Causes, trends and severity of musculoskeletal injuries in Ghana, BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 18 Article 349. ISSN 1471-2474 (2017) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.1186/s12891-017-1709-8


Background: Musculoskeletal [MSK] injuries are common causes of long-term pain and physical disability which affect many people worldwide. The economic and social impacts on the individual, society and national health systems are enormous making a matter of public health concern. Therefore, this study examined the causes and extent of MSK injuries in a referral hospital in Ghana.

Methods: A prospective study design with consecutive sampling method was used to recruit patients admitted at Trauma Unit as well as those receiving orthopaedic reviews at St. Joseph’s Orthopaedic Hospital over a ten-month period. A structured questionnaire, Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and Abbreviated Injury Scale (AIS) were used to collect data which were analysed descriptively using SPSS version 20.

Results: A total of 269 MSK injury patients were identified - of these, 137 (50.9%) males with an average age of 38 years (SD = 19.88). Nearly half (49.1%) of the injuries sustained were fractures, and common causes were vehicular crash 113 (42.0%) and fall 68 (25.3%). Body parts affected most were the knee (19.62) and the mean levels of pain for all injuries were 6.04 ± 2.44 and 3.25 (±1.50) respectively.

Conclusion: Ghana needs a healthy population to steer its development trajectory. Policy makers in Ghana should pay attention to both preventive as well as management of MSK injuries, or else, most of the country’s working class could live with lasting effects of injuries which may have significant impacts on the economy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:musculoskeletal injury, rehabilitation, hospital, orthopaedic, Ghana
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Health services and systems not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Other education and training
Objective Field:Other education and training not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Opoku, MP (Mr Max Opoku)
ID Code:121304
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2017-09-21
Last Modified:2018-06-21
Downloads:85 View Download Statistics

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