Milller, A and Sanderson, K and Bruno, R and Breslin, M and Neil, AL, The prevalence of pain and analgesia use in the Australian population: Findings from the 2011 to 2012 Australian National Health Survey, Pharmacoepidemiology and Drug Safety, 26, (11) pp. 1403-1410. ISSN 1053-8569 (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Methods: This study used cross-sectional, nationally representative data collected by the Australian Bureau of Statistics 2011 to 2012 National Health Survey. A total of n = 20 426 participants were included with an overall response rate of 84.8%. Weighting procedures were applied to obtain population estimates, confidence intervals, and when testing for statistical significance.
Results: The prevalence of chronic and reoccurring pain (over a 6-month period) was 15.4% (2.75 million) for Australians aged ≥ 15 years. Prevalence increased with age for both sexes. Significantly more females reported moderate-to-very severe pain overall (P < 0.001), and within most age groups. Recent use of opioid analgesia was reported by 12.0% of males and 13.4% of females with chronic pain.
Conclusion: Chronic pain and opioid analgesic use are important public health issues in Australia. Study estimates of chronic pain and recent pain were no greater than earlier estimates. The acknowledged increase of opioid use in the literature thus appears consistent with changing treatment and/or prescribing patterns over time. Sex differences regarding pain prevalence, severity, and opioid use were apparent.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||analgesia, chronic pain, opioid, pain severity, pharmacoepidemiology|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified|
|Author:||Milller, A (Ms April Milller)|
|Author:||Sanderson, K (Associate Professor Kristy Sanderson)|
|Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Author:||Breslin, M (Dr Monique Breslin)|
|Author:||Neil, AL (Dr Amanda Neil)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||6|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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