Aviv, U and Kornhaber, R and Harats, M and Haik, J, The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature, Disaster and Military Medicine, 3 Article 6. ISSN 2054-314X (2017) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Background: Burns from white phosphorus are rare and remain a challenge for clinicians. White phosphorus burns are often associated with smaller surface areas and high morbidity rates. Classed as a chemical burn, white phosphorus is used for military purposes and within industry, for the manufacture of freworks and agricultural products.
Case presentation: In this report, we discuss the case of a 40 years old female who sustained 2% Total Body Surface Area partial to full thickness burns from white phosphorus. The burns were treated conservatively with mafenide acetate on the medial calf and dorsum of foot and Flaminal Forte was used for the palmar region. The patient was discharged 22 days after admission and followed up in the outpatient clinic. Despite the use of pressure garments, hypertrophic scarring began to develop on the dorsum of her right foot.
Conclusions: During peacetime, white phosphorus possess a signifcant danger to civilians. Awareness of the unique nature of white phosphorus among military burn clinicians should be emphasized.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||chemical burn, white phosphorus, full thickness, treatment outcome, wound healing, case report|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Clinical Sciences|
|Research Field:||Emergency Medicine|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Injury Control|
|Author:||Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)|
|Deposited By:||Health Sciences|
|Downloads:||24 View Download Statistics|
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