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The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature

Citation

Aviv, U and Kornhaber, R and Harats, M and Haik, J, The burning issue of white phosphorus: a case report and review of the literature, Disaster and military medicine, 3 Article 6. ISSN 2054-314X (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1186/s40696-017-0034-y

Abstract

Background: Burns from white phosphorus are rare and remain a challenge for clinicians. White phosphorus burns are often associated with smaller surface areas and high morbidity rates. Classed as a chemical burn, white phosphorus is used for military purposes and within industry, for the manufacture of freworks and agricultural products.

Case presentation: In this report, we discuss the case of a 40 years old female who sustained 2% Total Body Surface Area partial to full thickness burns from white phosphorus. The burns were treated conservatively with mafenide acetate on the medial calf and dorsum of foot and Flaminal Forte was used for the palmar region. The patient was discharged 22 days after admission and followed up in the outpatient clinic. Despite the use of pressure garments, hypertrophic scarring began to develop on the dorsum of her right foot.

Conclusions: During peacetime, white phosphorus possess a signifcant danger to civilians. Awareness of the unique nature of white phosphorus among military burn clinicians should be emphasized.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Chemical burn, White phosphorus, Full thickness, Treatment outcome, Wound healing
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Emergency Medicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Injury Control
Author:Kornhaber, R (Dr Rachel Kornhaber)
ID Code:120825
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2017-08-31
Last Modified:2017-11-13
Downloads:0

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