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Evaluating hazard conflicts using inherently safer design concept


Rusli, R and Shariff, AM and Khan, FI, Evaluating hazard conflicts using inherently safer design concept, Safety Science, 53 pp. 61-72. ISSN 0925-7535 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2012.09.002


The application of Inherent Safety (IS) principles and Inherently Safer Design (ISD) concept has been proven to reduce the risk of accidents and economically attractive for process plants. However, there are always trade-offs and conflicts that arise from the suggested modifications. An inherently safer design from one perspective could possibly alter the hazards in other dimensions. Therefore, this limitation should be resolved before obtaining the best ISD alternatives. This paper presents a methodology for producing and evaluating Inherently Safer Design (ISD) alternatives using a risk-based approach at preliminary design stage. The proposed methodology is applied to nitration of toluene with the objective of preventing and minimizing runaway reaction. The results have shown that the new tool can capture the risk transferred due to the change of design proposed by the inherent safety principles at preliminary design stage in the form of new hazards and change of magnitude of existing hazards.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:hazard conflict, hazard identification, inherent safety, inherently safer design, risk analysis, risk transfer, hazard identification, inherent safety, inherently safer design, preliminary design, process plants, risk of accidents, risk transfer
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Engineering practice and education
Research Field:Risk engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Khan, FI (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:120779
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:33
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2017-08-30
Last Modified:2017-11-03

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