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The Southern Ocean observing system: initial science and implementation strategy

Citation

Rintoul, SR and Sparrow, M and Meredith, MP and Wadley, V and Speer, K and Hofmann, E and Summerhayes, C and Urban, E and Bellerby, R and Coffin, M and Proctor, R, 𝘦𝘵 𝘢𝘭, The Southern Ocean observing system: initial science and implementation strategy, Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research; Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, Cambridge, United Kingdom, pp. 74. ISBN 978-0-948277-27-6 (2012) [Authored Research Book]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 The Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research

Official URL: http://www.scar.org/publications/occasionals

Abstract

The Southern Ocean provides the principal connection between the Earth’s ocean basins and between the upper and lower layers of the global ocean circulation. As a result, the Southern Ocean strongly influences climate patterns and the cycling of carbon and nutrients. Changes in the Southern Ocean would therefore have global ramifications. Limited observations suggest the Southern Ocean is indeed changing: the region is warming more rapidly than the global ocean average; salinity changes driven by changes in precipitation and ice melt have been observed in both the upper and abyssal ocean; the uptake of carbon by the Southern Ocean has slowed the rate of climate change but increased the acidity of the ocean; and Southern Ocean ecosystems are reacting to changes in the physical and chemical environment. However, the short and incomplete nature of existing time series makes the causes and consequences of observed changes difficult to assess. Sustained, multidisciplinary observations are required to detect, interpret and respond to change.

Item Details

Item Type:Authored Research Book
Keywords:southern ocean, strategy, observing system
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Oceanography not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
Author:Rintoul, SR (Dr Steve Rintoul)
Author:Coffin, M (Professor Mike Coffin)
Author:Proctor, R (Dr Roger Proctor)
ID Code:120762
Year Published:2012
Deposited By:Integrated Marine Observing System
Deposited On:2017-08-30
Last Modified:2017-11-28
Downloads:0

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