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Risk-based process plant design considering inherent safety

Citation

Rathnayaka, S and Khan, FI and Amyotte, P, Risk-based process plant design considering inherent safety, Safety Science, 70 pp. 438-464. ISSN 0925-7535 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.ssci.2014.06.004

Abstract

An inherently safer approach is becoming a key parameter of process and plant design. However, a lack of established guidelines and methods hinders most industries from utilizing inherent safety concepts to a full extent. This paper presents a risk-based design decision-making tool considering inherent safety. The tool is called the Risk-based Inherent Safety Index (RISI). The proposed indexing approach is an extension of the Integrated Inherent Safety Index (I2SI) earlier developed by Khan and Amyotte (2004, 2005). The RISI incorporates both consequence and probability of accident occurrence reduction through application of inherently safer design principles throughout the process design life cycle. Unlike other available dimensionless index-based matrices, risk components of the proposed indexing approach are expressed in terms of SI units. The RISI is applicable at different stages of the process design life cycle. Analytical and subjective equations assess the damage potential of major process accidents: fire, explosion and toxic release. The explosion accident scenario is studied separately in terms of vapor/gas explosion and dust explosion. The decision-making potential based on the quantitative results of the methodology is demonstrated by evaluating alternatives for biodiesel production.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:I2SI, inherent safety, inherently safer design principles, process life cycle, risk-based Inherent Safety Index, accidents, decision making, indexing (of information), life cycle, process design, risks, I2SI, inherent safety, inherent safety index
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Interdisciplinary Engineering
Research Field:Risk Engineering (excl. Earthquake Engineering)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Engineering
Author:Khan, FI (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:120730
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2017-08-30
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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