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Early warning system for chemical processes with time delay and limited actuator capacity


Khan, MAI and Imtiaz, SA and Khan, FI, Early warning system for chemical processes with time delay and limited actuator capacity, Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 53, (12) pp. 4763-4772. ISSN 0888-5885 (2014) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2014 American Chemical Society

DOI: doi:10.1021/ie402101x


A new model-based predictive technique is proposed for generating early warnings to operators. The proposed method uses an open-loop process and disturbance model along with process measurements to predict the future state of a process. The method successfully monitors a process vulnerability (i) during the time-delay period and (ii) when the actuator does not have sufficient capacity. On the basis of the predicted process system, an alarm is generated when predictions exceed the threshold of safety limits. A moving horizon predictor combined with bias corrections predicts the dynamic output for the time-delay period, and a linear programming algorithm checks the feasibility of the solution using system gain and constraint information. The proposed method is applied to a single-input-single-output system as well as a multiple-input-multiple- output continuous stirred tank heater system. The method demonstrated performance in issuing early warnings that was superior to that of existing methods and was robust under small disturbances in the process.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:actuators, channel estimation, telecommunication repeaters, constraint information, continuous stirred tanks, disturbance modeling, early warning system, linear programming algorithm, predictive techniques, process measurements, time delay
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Engineering practice and education
Research Field:Risk engineering
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in engineering
UTAS Author:Khan, FI (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:120706
Year Published:2014
Web of Science® Times Cited:10
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2017-08-30
Last Modified:2017-11-06

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