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An historical perspective on the development of the thermodynamic equation of seawater - 2010


Pawlowicz, R and McDougall, T and Feistel, R and Tailleux, R, An historical perspective on the development of the thermodynamic equation of seawater - 2010, Ocean Science, 8, (2) pp. 161-174. ISSN 1812-0784 (2012) [Contribution to Refereed Journal]

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DOI: doi:10.5194/os-8-161-2012


Oceanography is concerned with understanding the mechanisms controlling the movement of seawater and its contents. A fundamental tool in this process is the characterization of the thermophysical properties of seawater as functions of measured temperature and electrical conductivity, the latter used as a proxy for the concentration of dissolved matter in seawater. For many years a collection of algorithms denoted the Equation of State 1980 (EOS-80) has been the internationally accepted standard for calculating such properties. However, modern measurement technology now allows routine observations of temperature and electrical conductivity to be made to at least one order of magnitude more accurately than the uncertainty in this standard. Recently, a new standard has been developed, the Thermodynamical Equation of Seawater 2010 (TEOS-10). This new standard is thermodynamically consistent, valid over a wider range of temperature and salinity, and includes a mechanism to account for composition variations in seawater. Here we review the scientific development of this standard, and describe the literature involved in its development, which includes many of the articles in this special issue.

Item Details

Item Type:Contribution to Refereed Journal
Keywords:salinity, seawater, thermodynamics
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical oceanography
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Oceanic processes (excl. in the Antarctic and Southern Ocean)
UTAS Author:McDougall, T (Professor Trevor McDougall)
ID Code:120690
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:24
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2017-08-30
Last Modified:2022-07-12

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