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Mach–Zehnder interferometer (MZI) point-of-care system for rapid multiplexed detection of microRNAs in human urine specimens

Citation

Liu, Q and Shin, Y and Kee, JS and Kim, KW and Rafei, SRM and Perera, AP and Tu, X and Lo, G-Q and Ricci, E and Colombel, M and Chiong, E and Thiery, JP and Park, MK, Mach-Zehnder interferometer (MZI) point-of-care system for rapid multiplexed detection of microRNAs in human urine specimens, Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 7 pp. 365-372. ISSN 0956-5663 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.bios.2015.04.052

Abstract

MicroRNAs have been identified as promising biomarkers for human diseases. The development of a point-of-care (POC) test for the disease-associated miRNAs would be especially beneficial, since miRNAs are unexpectedly well preserved in various human specimens, including urine. Here, we present the Mach–Zehnder interferometer-miRNA detection system capable of detecting multiple miRNAs in clinical urine samples rapidly and simultaneously in a label-free and real-time manner. Through measurement of the light phase change, the MZI sensor provides an optical platform for fast profiling of small molecules with improved accuracy. We demonstrate that this system could specifically detect target miRNAs (miR-21, and let-7a), and even identify the single nucleotide polymorphism of the let-7 family of miRNAs from synthetic and cell line samples. The clinical applicability of this system is confirmed by simultaneously detecting two types of miRNAs in urine samples of bladder cancer patients in a single reaction, with a detection time of 15 min. The POC system can be expanded to detect a number of miRNAs of different species and should be useful for a variety of clinical applications requiring at or near the site of patient care.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:miRNA
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Medical Genetics (excl. Cancer Genetics)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Cancer and Related Disorders
Author:Perera, AP (Mrs Agampodi Perera)
ID Code:120565
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:18
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-08-29
Last Modified:2017-09-15
Downloads:0

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