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Surveillance of Australian Hajj pilgrims for carriage of potentially pathogenic bacteria: Data from two pilot studies

Citation

Azeem, MI and Tashani, M and Badahdah, AM and Heron, L and Pedersen, K and Jeoffreys, N and Kok, J and Haworth, E and Dwyer, DE and Hill-Cawthorne, G and Rashid, H and Booy, R, Surveillance of Australian Hajj pilgrims for carriage of potentially pathogenic bacteria: Data from two pilot studies, World Journal of Clinical Cases, 5, (3) pp. 102-111. ISSN 2307-8960 (2017) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.12998/wjcc.v5.i3.102

Abstract

Aim: To estimate the pharyngeal carriage rate of Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis), Streptococcus pneumoniae (S. pneumoniae) and Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) among Australian Hajj pilgrims.

Methods: In 2014, surveillance was conducted in two phases among Australian Hajj pilgrims: The first phase during Hajj in Mina, and the second phase soon after returning home to Australia. Nasopharyngeal or oropharyngeal swabs were taken from participants then tested, firstly by nucleic acid testing, and also by standard culture.

Results: Of 183 participants recruited in the first phase, 26 (14.2%) tested positive for S. pneumonia; 4 had received pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13). Only one tested positive for N. meningitides (W). Of 93 2nd phase samples cultured, 17 (18.3%) grew S. aureus, all methicillin sensitive, 2 (2.2%) grew N. meningitides (on subculture; one serotype B, one negative), and 1 (1%), from an unvaccinated pilgrim, grew S. pneumonia.

Conclusion: Relatively high carriage of S. pneumonia and little meningococcal carriage was found. This indicates the importance of a larger study for improved infection surveillance and possible vaccine evaluation.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Carriage, Conjugate vaccine, Hajj, Neisseria meningitidis, Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus pneumoniae
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Infectious Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Infectious Diseases
Author:Haworth, E (Dr Elizabeth Haworth)
ID Code:120551
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-08-28
Last Modified:2017-09-11
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