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Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in oil and gas production: A silent killer

Citation

Al Nabhani, K and Khan, FI and Yang, M, Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials in oil and gas production: A silent killer, Process Safety and Environmental Protection, 99 pp. 237-247. ISSN 0957-5820 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

2015 The Institution of Chemical Engineers.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.psep.2015.09.014

Abstract

This paper reviews the literature that identifies Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (NORM) in oil and gas production. It further explains how processes associated with the recovery of oil and gas enhances NORM'S concentration and also develops Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Materials (TENORM). It redefines TENORM from technical and scientific perspectives and explains how spectral gamma ray logging technology helps to prove the presence of NORM as an indication of oil and gas presence. This article provides a better understanding of TENORM waste disposal practices that poses serious health and environmental risks. It makes a strong argument for the importance of TENORM risk assessment and management through process safety approaches. Finally, it identifies the knowledge and technical gaps related to TENORM in oil and gas production, which require further studies and research.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:geochemistry, nuclear, radionuclide, risk assessment, TENORM
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geochemistry
Research Field:Isotope Geochemistry
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Natural Hazards
Objective Field:Natural Hazards not elsewhere classified
Author:Khan, FI (Professor Faisal Khan)
ID Code:120440
Year Published:2016
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2017-08-24
Last Modified:2017-11-03
Downloads:0

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