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Partnering and parenting transitions associate with changing smoking status: a cohort study in young Australians


Tian, J and Gall, S and Patton, G and Dwyer, T and Venn, A, Partnering and parenting transitions associate with changing smoking status: a cohort study in young Australians, International Journal of Public Health, 62, (8) pp. 889-897. ISSN 1661-8556 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Swiss School of Public Health (SSPH+)

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00038-017-0984-3


Objectives: To examine the effects of partnering and parenting transitions on smoking continuity in young adults.

Methods: A prospective cohort study was conducted involving 1084 young smokers and former smokers who completed questionnaires at baseline (2004-2006, aged 26-36 years) and 5 years later.

Results: 233/570 (40.9%) smokers quit and 58/514 (11.3%) former smokers resumed smoking during follow-up. For partnering transitions, compared with remaining not partnered, the likelihood of quitting was higher among men who became (RR 2.84 95% CI 1.62, 4.98) or stayed (RR 2.12, 95% CI 1.18, 3.80) partnered and women who became partnered (RR 1.50, 95% CI 1.03, 2.18). People who became (RR 0.14, 95% CI 0.03, 0.58) or stayed (RR 0.51, 95% CI 0.27, 0.95) partnered had a lower risk of resuming smoking than their continuously not partnered peers. For parenting transitions, having a first child born increased women's probability of quitting smoking relative to remaining childless (RR 1.74, 95% CI 1.30, 2.33), while having additional children did not.

Conclusions: The benefits of partnering were greater for men than women and transition into parenthood was of greater benefit to women.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:longitudinal studies, marital status, parenthood, smoking cessation
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Epidemiology
Research Field:Epidemiology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public health (excl. specific population health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and health
UTAS Author:Tian, J (Dr Jing Tian)
UTAS Author:Gall, S (Associate Professor Seana Gall)
UTAS Author:Dwyer, T (Professor Terry Dwyer)
UTAS Author:Venn, A (Professor Alison Venn)
ID Code:120436
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-08-24
Last Modified:2018-06-21

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