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The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012
Fann, N and Alman, B and Broome, RA and Morgan, GG and Johnston, FH and Pouliot, G and Rappold, AG, The health impacts and economic value of wildland fire episodes in the U.S.: 2008-2012, Science of The Total Environment, 610-611 pp. 802-809. ISSN 0048-9697 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Objective: Our research aimed to characterize excess mortality and morbidity events, and the economic value of these impacts, from wildland fire smoke exposure in the U.S. over a multi-year period; to date no other burden assessment has done this.
Methods: We first completed a systematic review of the epidemiologic literature and then performed photochemical air quality modeling for the years 2008 to 2012 in the continental U.S. Finally, we estimated the morbidity, mortality, and economic burden of wildland fires.
Results: Our models suggest that areas including northern California, Oregon and Idaho in the West, and Florida, Louisiana and Georgia in the East were most affected bywildland fire events in the form of additional premature deaths and respiratory hospital admissions. We estimated the economic value of these cases due to short term exposures as being between $11 and $20B (2010$) per year, with a net present value of $63B (95% confidence intervals $6–$170); we estimate the value of long-term exposures as being between $76 and $130B (2010$) per year, with a net present value of $450B (95% confidence intervals $42–$1200).
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||health impact assessment, source apportionment, PM2.5, ozone, CMAQ, wildland fires, wildfires, fire, smoke|
|Research Division:||Health Sciences|
|Research Field:||Environmental epidemiology|
|Objective Group:||Public health (excl. specific population health)|
|Objective Field:||Public health (excl. specific population health) not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Johnston, FH (Professor Fay Johnston)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||126|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
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