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Breastfeeding and motor development: A longitudinal cohort study

Citation

Grace, T and Oddy, W and Bulsara, M and Hands, B, Breastfeeding and motor development: A longitudinal cohort study, Human Movement Science, 51 pp. 9-16. ISSN 0167-9457 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.humov.2016.10.001

Abstract

Background: While there is a large body of work supporting the importance of early feeding practices on cognitive, immunity, behavioural and mental outcomes, few longitudinal studies have focused on motor development. The relationship between duration of breast feeding and motor development outcomes at 10, 14, and 17years were examined.

Methods: Data were obtained from the Western Australian Pregnancy (Raine) Study. There were 2868 live births recorded and children were examined for motor proficiency at 10 (M = 10.54, SD = 2.27), 14 (M = 14.02, SD = 2.33) and 17 (M = 16.99, SD = 2.97) years using the McCarron Assessment of Neuromuscular Development (MAND). Using linear mixed models, adjusted for covariates known to affect motor development, the influence of predominant breast feeding for < 6months and ⩾ 6months on motor development outcomes was examined.

Results: Breast feeding for ⩾ 6months was positively associated with improved motor development outcomes at 10, 14 and 17 years of age (p = 0.019, β 1.38) when adjusted for child's sex, maternal age, alcohol intake, family income, hypertensive status, gestational stress and mode of delivery.

Conclusion: Early life feeding practices have an influence on motor development outcomes into late childhood and adolescence independent of sociodemographic factors.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:breastfeeding, child development, motor development, Raine study
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Nutrition and Dietetics
Research Field:Nutrition and Dietetics not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Nutrition
Author:Oddy, W (Professor Wendy Oddy)
ID Code:120250
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-08-17
Last Modified:2017-09-18
Downloads:0

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