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Alpine, sub-alpine and sub-Antarctic vegetation of Australia


Venn, S and Kirkpatrick, JB and McDougall, K and Walsh, N and Whinam, J and Williams, RJ, Alpine, sub-alpine and sub-Antarctic vegetation of Australia, Australian Vegetation, Cambridge University Press, DA Keith (ed), Cambridge, UK, pp. 461-490. ISBN 978-1-107-11843-0 (2017) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2017 Cambridge University Press


The alpine and sub-alpine vegetation of Australia occupies habitat islands from Namadgi National Park in the Australian Capital Territory to the Southern Range of Tasmania. Macquarie and Heard Islands support Australia's sub-Antarctic vegetation. The high mountain environments on the mainland experience a continental climate, often accompanied by winter snow; whereas, the sub-Antarctic islands and the Tasmanian highlands have maritime climates in which prolonged snow cover on vegetation is restricted. The distributions of plant communities are influenced by water, snow, wind exposure and topography, soils, biotic factors and disturbance. Many plant species are endemic to Tasmania and the Australian mainland and a few endemic to the Australian sub-Antarctic islands. Many species are scleromorphic, hairy, or have cushion, rosette or tussock forms; characteristics that aid in cold cl imate survival. Some mainland Australian species have fast phenological cycles to make the most of short growing seasons. Cyclical and dynamic vegetation change, plant-plant interactions, recruitment biology and post-fire vegetation responses are well-documented. Current monitoring and research is focused on climate change, alien plant invasions, feral animals and fire.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:Australia, alpine vegetation, sub-alpine vegetation, sub-antarctic vegetation
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Terrestrial ecology
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Other environmental management
Objective Field:Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kirkpatrick, JB (Professor James Kirkpatrick)
UTAS Author:Whinam, J (Dr Jennie Whinam)
ID Code:120188
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2017-08-14
Last Modified:2018-05-22

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