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Modification of the surface chemistry of microdispersed sintered detonation nanodiamonds and its effect on the adsorption properties


Lanin, SN and Rychkova, SA and Vinogradov, AE and Lanina, KS and Obrezkov, ON and Nesterenko, PN, Modification of the surface chemistry of microdispersed sintered detonation nanodiamonds and its effect on the adsorption properties, Adsorption, 23, (5) pp. 639-650. ISSN 0929-5607 (2017) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2017 Springer Science+Business Media New York

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10450-017-9883-4


Microdispersed sintered detonation nanodiamonds (MSDN) with different surface chemistry were characterized using X-ray diffraction method, energy dispersive spectroscopy (EDS) and adsorption of ionogenic and nonionogenic compounds in static and dynamic (with HPLC instrumental design) conditions. It was shown that for MSDN, conditioned with 3נ10−3M H3PO4, adsorption of substances with basic properties increases by 13.522.0, while washing of MSDN with 1.3נ10−5М ammonium hydroxide decreases adsorption of bases as a result of modification of ionic state of functional groups at the surface. It is found that concentration of H3PO4 solution significantly effects on adsorption of ionogenic organic substances. The effect of organic solvent is investigated by obtaining of isotherms of excessive adsorption of pyridine on MSDN from solutions in water and acetonitrile under static conditions. It is found that the equilibration of MSDN with acid solution activates its surface for adsorption of pyridine that may be due to desorption of substances blocking acidic adsorption centers. It was shown that usage of buffers containing additives of ammonium, potassium and sodium electrolytes results in decrease of adsorption of basic molecules, which is explained by competitive adsorption of cations on dissociated carboxyl functional groups on the surface of MSDN.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:detonation nanodiamond, adsorption, high-performance liquid chromatography, surface chemistry
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Nesterenko, PN (Professor Pavel Nesterenko)
ID Code:119998
Year Published:2017
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DP150102608)
Web of Science® Times Cited:9
Deposited By:Austn Centre for Research in Separation Science
Deposited On:2017-08-08
Last Modified:2018-03-27

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