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Practical guidance on the use of premix insulin analogs in initiating, intensifying, or switching insulin regimens in type 2 diabetes


Wu, T and Betty, B and Downie, M and Khanolkar, M and Kilov, G and Orr-Walker, B and Senator, G and Fulcher, G, Practical guidance on the use of premix insulin analogs in initiating, intensifying, or switching insulin regimens in type 2 diabetes, Diabetes Therapy, 6, (3) pp. 273-287. ISSN 1869-6961 (2015) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/s13300-015-0116-0


INTRODUCTION: Premix insulin analogs are a well-established treatment for type 2 diabetes (T2D). However, there is a lack of simple, clear guidance on some aspects of their use. These include choosing a regimen for insulin initiation, recognizing when patients need intensification of therapy, and switching from basal-bolus to a premix insulin analog when appropriate.

METHODS: An independent expert panel formulated recommendations on the use in T2D of the premix insulin analog formulations widely available in Australasia, based on the available evidence and their own experience.

RESULTS: Results from trials in both initiation and intensification of insulin show that no single insulin or regimen is best on all endpoints, and that improved glycemic control can be expected regardless of which regimen is used. Thus, individual patient factors and preferences become more important. Guidance is presented to help the clinician choose between a premix insulin analog or basal analog for insulin initiation, and to intensify insulin therapy using premix insulin analogs. Recommendations are made on dosing, titration, the concomitant use of non-insulin glucose-lowering drugs, and other practical issues, and on the special case of switching from basal-bolus to premix insulin analog therapy.

CONCLUSION: This guidance is intended to help both general and specialist practitioners make informed choices and provide optimal care for patients with T2D. It emphasizes the importance of taking into account individual patient factors and preferences so that the choice of insulin regimen is individualized to the patient in the same way that glycemic targets are now individualized.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Basal insulin; Biphasic insulin aspart; Biphasic insulin lispro; Insulin initiation; Insulin intensification; Premix insulin analogs
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Clinical sciences
Research Field:Endocrinology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kilov, G (Associate Professor Gary Kilov)
ID Code:119863
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:21
Deposited By:Medicine
Deposited On:2017-08-07
Last Modified:2017-08-14

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