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Case Study Antarctica: Up Against the Ice Barrier: Antarctic Tourism Operators Prepare for the Polar Shipping Code


Jabour, J, Case Study Antarctica: Up Against the Ice Barrier: Antarctic Tourism Operators Prepare for the Polar Shipping Code, Global Climate Change and Coastal Tourism: Recognizing Problems, Managing Solutions, Future Expectations, CABI, A Jones, M Phillips (ed), Oxfordshire, United Kingdom, pp. 273-287. ISBN 9781780648439 (2017) [Research Book Chapter]

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The ‘cryosphere’ is the world of ice. It includes Arctic and Antarctic sea and land ice, which scientists claim provides the most ‘visible signatures of climate change’ (Vaughan et al., 2013, p. 319). When sea ice forms and expands, its extent can be seen and measured from space, and when it contracts the chlorophyll in ice-edge nutrient blooms that sustain cold-water life can also be seen from space. When land ice melts, that, too, is obvious – with massive icebergs calving off friable ice sheets and ice shelves at the water’s edge and soaking the ocean with dense, cold, fresh water. These occurrences can be both sporadic and annual; they can be unpredictable, inconsistent and regionally asymmetrical; and occasionally they can defy developing trends. Understanding the ice regimes of the polar regions is a difficult task in these warming environments. This, together with the prospect of increased shipping activity in iceless polar waters, has prompted – in part – the development of the International Maritime Organization’s (IMO) International Code for Ships Operating in Polar Waters (hereafter, the Polar Code), which came into effect in January 2017.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:polar code, Antarctica, tourism, shipping, cryosphere
Research Division:Law and Legal Studies
Research Group:International and comparative law
Research Field:International criminal law
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Other environmental management
Objective Field:Other environmental management not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Jabour, J (Dr Julia Jabour)
ID Code:119729
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2017-08-04
Last Modified:2018-05-24

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