eCite Digital Repository

Prediction of enjoyment in school physical education


Grasten, A and Jaakkola, T and Liukkonen, J and Watt, A and Yli-Piipari, S, Prediction of enjoyment in school physical education, Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 11, (2) pp. 260-269. ISSN 1303-2968 (2012) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Journal of Sports Science and Medicine

Official URL:


The specific aim of this study was to examine whether motivational climate, perceived physical competence, and exercise motivation predict enjoyment in school physical education within the same sample of adolescents across three years of secondary school. A sample of 639 students (girls = 296, boys = 343) aged between 13- to 15-years at the commencement of the study completed the Intrinsic Motivation Climate in Physical Education Questionnaire, Physical Self-Perception Profile, Physical Education Motivation Scale, and Physical Education Enjoyment Scale. Results derived from path analyses indicated that task-involving motivational climate predicted enjoyment in physical education via perceived physical competence and intrinsic motivation in both girls and boys. In particular, these results supported previous findings of Vallerand et. al (1997) with the self-determination theory and the achievement goal theory. Ego-involving climate was not a significant predictor either in girls or boys. The current results provide continuing support for the investigation of Vallerand's model in the physical education setting, and highlight that motivational climate is an area that requires further evaluation as a contributing factor in the improvement of physical education teaching. A better understanding of the role of motivational climate may assist efforts to promote children's and adolescents' perceived physical competence, intrinsic motivation, and enjoyment in the school physical education setting.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:enjoyment, motivation, school, physical education, path analysis
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Curriculum and pedagogy
Research Field:Physical education and development curriculum and pedagogy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Grasten, A (Dr Arto Grasten)
ID Code:119716
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:66
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2017-08-04
Last Modified:2017-11-20
Downloads:52 View Download Statistics

Repository Staff Only: item control page