Schuyler, QA and Wilcox, C and Townsend, K and Hardesty, BD and Marshall, NJ, Mistaken identity? Visual similarities of marine debris to natural prey items of sea turtles, BMC Ecology, 14 Article 14. ISSN 1472-6785 (2014) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2014 Schuyler et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Background: There are two predominant hypotheses as to why animals ingest plastic: 1) they are opportunistic feeders, eating plastic when they encounter it, and 2) they eat plastic because it resembles prey items. To assess which hypothesis is most likely, we created a model sea turtle visual system and used it to analyse debris samples from beach surveys and from necropsied turtles. We investigated colour, contrast, and luminance of the debris items as they would appear to the turtle. We also incorporated measures of texture and translucency to determine which of the two hypotheses is more plausible as a driver of selectivity in green sea turtles.
Results: Turtles preferred more flexible and translucent items to what was available in the environment, lending support to the hypothesis that they prefer debris that resembles prey, particularly jellyfish. They also ate fewer blue items, suggesting that such items may be less conspicuous against the background of open water where they forage.
Conclusions: Using visual modelling we determined the characteristics that drive ingestion of marine debris by sea turtles, from the point of view of the turtles themselves. This technique can be utilized to determine debris preferences of other visual predators, and help to more effectively focus management or remediation actions.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Chelonia mydas, chromatic space, Eretmochelys imbricata, marine debris, vorobyev-Osorio model|
|Research Division:||Biological Sciences|
|Research Field:||Animal Behaviour|
|Objective Group:||Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|Objective Field:||Marine Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity|
|Author:||Wilcox, C (Dr Chris Wilcox)|
|Author:||Hardesty, BD (Dr Britta Hardesty)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||25|
|Deposited By:||Ecology and Biodiversity|
|Downloads:||13 View Download Statistics|
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