Climate and oceanic fisheries: recent observations and projections and future needs
Salinger, MJ and Bell, JD and Evans, K and Hobday, AJ and Allain, V and Brander, K and Dexter, K and Harrison, DE and Hollowed, AB and Lee, B and Stefanski, R, Climate and oceanic fisheries: recent observations and projections and future needs, Climatic Change, 119, (1) pp. 213-221. ISSN 0165-0009 (2013) [Refereed Article]
Copyright Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht
Several lines of evidence show that climatic variation and global warming can have a major effect on fisheries production and replenishment. To prevent overfishing and rebuild overfished stocks under changing and uncertain environmental conditions, new research partnerships between fisheries scientists and climate change experts are required. The International Workshop on Climate and Oceanic Fisheries held in Rarotonga, Cook Islands, 3–5 October 2011, brought representatives from these disciplines together to consider the effects of climate variability and change on oceanic fisheries, the tools and strategies required for identifying potential impacts on oceanic fisheries, and the priority adaptations for sustaining future harvests, especially in the Pacific Ocean. Recommendations made by the workshop included (1) development and implementation of sustainable management measures for fisheries; (2) long-term commitment to monitoring necessary to assess stock status and to conduct integrated ecosystem assessments; (3) process oriented research to evaluate the potential of marine species for adaptation to a changing ocean environment; (4) provision of improved national meteorological and hydrological services to fisheries agencies, enterprises and communities; (5) continuing communication of potential impacts and adaptation strategies to stakeholders to reduce the threats to oceanic fisheries and capitalise on opportunities; and (6) continued collaborative efforts between meteorological, oceanographic, biological and fisheries researchers and management agencies to better monitor and understand the impacts of short-term variability and longer-term change on oceanic fisheries.
climate variability and change, climatic variation, ecosystem assessment, environmental conditions, hydrological services, international workshops, ocean environment, sustainable management