Strachan, RE and Cornelius, A and Gilbert, GL and Gulliver, T and Martin, A and McDonald, T and Nixon, GM and Roseby, R and Ranganathan, S and Selvadurai, H and Smith, G and Soto-Martinez, M and Suresh, S and Teoh, L and Thapa, K and Wainwright, CE and Jaffe, A, A bedside assay to detect streptococcus pneumoniae in children with empyema, Pediatric Pulmonology, 46, (2) pp. 179-183. ISSN 8755-6863 (2011) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2011 Wiley-Liss
Methods: Empyema patients had blood and pleural fluid cultured, and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) to detect the S. pneumoniae autolysin gene, lytA, in pleural fluid. Pleural fluid was tested using the Binax NOW S. pneumoniae antigen detection assay and compared with lytA PCR results and/or culture in blood or pleural fluid.
Results: S. pneumoniae was detected by PCR in pleural fluid of 68 of 137 (49.6%) patients, by culture in 11 of 135 (8.1%) pleural specimens and 16 of 120 (13.3%) blood specimens. Pleural fluid Binax NOW testing from 130 patients demonstrated a sensitivity of 83.8% and specificity of 93.5% (positive predictive value of 93.4% and negative predictive value of 84.1%).
Conclusions: In pediatric empyema, high predictive values of pleural fluid Binax NOW S. pneumoniae antigen test suggest that this test may help rationalize antibiotic choice in these patients.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||Streptococcus pneumoniae, pleural empyema, pediatric, polymerase chain reaction|
|Research Division:||Biological Sciences|
|Research Group:||Biochemistry and cell biology|
|Research Field:||Proteomics and intermolecular interactions (excl. medical proteomics)|
|Objective Group:||Clinical health|
|Objective Field:||Clinical health not elsewhere classified|
|UTAS Author:||Cornelius, A (Dr Anita Cornelius)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||16|
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