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Salp-falls in the Tasman Sea: a major food input to deep-sea benthos


Henschke, N and Bowden, DA and Everett, JD and Holmes, SP and Kloser, RJ and Lee, RW and Suthers, IM, Salp-falls in the Tasman Sea: a major food input to deep-sea benthos, Marine Ecology Progress Series, 491 pp. 165-175. ISSN 0171-8630 (2013) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Inter-Research

DOI: doi:10.3354/meps10450


Large, fast-sinking carcasses (food-falls) are an important source of nutrition to deepsea benthic communities. In 2007 and 2009, mass depositions of the salp Thetys vagina were observed on the Tasman Sea floor between 200 and 2500 m depth, where benthic crustaceans were observed feeding on them. Analysis of a long-term (1981 to 2011) trawl survey database determined that salp biomass (wet weight, WW) in the eastern Tasman Sea regularly exceeds 100 t km-3 yr-1, with biomasses as high as 734 t km-3 recorded in a single trawl. With fast sinking rates, salp fluxes to the seafloor occur year-round. Salps, like jellyfish, have been considered to be of low nutritional value; however, biochemical analyses revealed that T. vagina has a carbon (31% dry weight, DW) and energy (11.00 kJ g-1 DW) content more similar to that of phytoplankton blooms, copepods and fish than to that of jellyfish, with which they are often grouped. The deposition of the mean yearly biomass (4.81 t km-2 WW) of salps recorded from the trawl database in the Tasman Sea represents a 330% increase to the carbon input normally estimated for this region. Given their abundance, rapid export to the seabed and high nutritional value, salp carcasses are likely to be a significant input of carbon to benthic food webs, which, until now, has been largely overlooked.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:benthic communities, carbon cycling, fluxes, gelatinous zooplankton, jelly-fall, salp-fall
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and estuarine ecology (incl. marine ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Marine systems and management
Objective Field:Marine biodiversity
UTAS Author:Kloser, RJ (Dr Rudy Kloser)
ID Code:119083
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2017-07-26
Last Modified:2017-10-16
Downloads:178 View Download Statistics

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