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Public health policies and management strategies for genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection

Citation

Shaw, K and Coleman, D and O'Sullivan, M and Stephens, N, Public health policies and management strategies for genital Chlamydia trachomatis infection, Risk Management and Healthcare Policy, 4 pp. 57-65. ISSN 1179-1594 (2011) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2011 Shaw et al. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (CC BY-NC 4.0) http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.2147/RMHP.S12710

Abstract

Genital Chlamydia trachomatis is a sexually transmissible bacterial infection that is asymptomatic in the majority of infected individuals and is associated with significant short-term and long-term morbidity. The population prevalence of the infection appears to be increasing. C. trachomatis is of public health significance because of the impacts of untreated disease on reproductive outcomes, transmission of other sexually acquired infections, and the costs to health systems. At the individual level, C. trachomatis infection is readily treatable with antibiotics, although antibiotic resistance appears to be increasing. At the population level, public health control of spread of infection is more problematic. Approaches to control include primary preventive activities, increased access to testing and treatment for people with or at risk of infection, partner notification and treatment, and screening either opportunistically or as part of an organized population screening program. A combination of all of the above approaches is likely to be required to have a significant effect on the burden of disease associated with genital chlamdyia infection and to reduce population prevalence. The development of a vaccine for genital chlamydia infection could significantly reduce the public health burden associated with infection; however a vaccine is not expected to be available in the near future.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:chlamydia, health policy, public health, screening
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health) not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Shaw, K (Dr Kelly Shaw)
UTAS Author:Stephens, N (Dr Nicola Stephens)
ID Code:119034
Year Published:2011
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2017-07-25
Last Modified:2019-06-03
Downloads:84 View Download Statistics

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