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Can greenlip (Haliotis laevigata) abalone breeding programs tolerate fluctuations in reproductive performance?

Citation

Dominik, S and Henshall, JM and Kube, PD and Elliott, NG, Can greenlip (Haliotis laevigata) abalone breeding programs tolerate fluctuations in reproductive performance?, Journal of Shellfish Research, 32, (1) pp. 155-160. ISSN 0730-8000 (2013) [Refereed Article]


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DOI: doi:10.2983/035.032.0121

Abstract

Fluctuations in reproductive performance (i.e., spawning success, hatching rate, larval survival) are a common occurrence in abalone breeding programs, in particular during the early stages of their development. Such fluctuations affect the numbers of families available for progeny testing and selection, and can have consequences for genetic gains and inbreeding. We used stochastic computer simulations to understand how genetic gains and levels of inbreeding are affected when greenlip (Haliotis laevigata) breeding programs encounter varying severity and frequency of reproductive failure. We simulated breeding programs for greenlip abalone with both conservative and aggressive selection approaches over 35 y (10 generations). Without reproductive failure, genetic improvements of 36%-55% could be achieved after 10 y of selection in a single trait in a commercial abalone breeding program with a conservative selection approach, and gains of twice that could be achieved with a selection approach that allowed high rates of inbreeding. A conservative selection approach would be sustainable even at high rates of reproductive failure, whereas a more aggressive approach would lead to nearly twice the recommended level of inbreeding. It was concluded that breeding programs for greenlip abalone may be buffered against unexpected fluctuations in reproductive performance if the selection approach is chosen strategically.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:abalone, genetic gain, Haliotis laevigata, inbreeding, selective breeding, simulation
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fisheries Management
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Wild Caught Edible Molluscs
UTAS Author:Elliott, NG (Dr Nick Elliott)
ID Code:118969
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:1
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2017-07-24
Last Modified:2017-10-30
Downloads:66 View Download Statistics

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